The great debate of deer hunting has been constant with animal lovers and sportsmen all over. There are good reasons to hunt deer:
- controls herd size,
- prevents disease, and
- provides food
According to Greg Keefer, deer that are too numerous leads to starvation among their groups, “eating themselves out of house and home,” but that allows hunting to contribute to the control of the population, rather than having an overflow of deer throughout the U.S. Due to overpopulation, herds of deer can cause the spread of disease; while they are social creatures, they are not to be in close quarters with many others.
In helping to accommodate the control of deer, hunting them is one of the options to solving the problem. Many people will have to undergo a hunting training course, especially for beginners. One should also accompany an individual who has been hunting for many years and who knows what they are doing. Depending on if this hunting is using archery bows or guns, you have to know the rules of basic firearm usage and bow safety. Prior to getting a hunting license, you have to scope out the land you will be hunting on- whether that is with trail cameras or just walking through the timber and fields.
The top two guns that are best for deer hunting are muzzleloaders and slug guns. Muzzleloader use for deer season is during one weekend in December for Illinois hunters. They must be at least a .45 caliber being shot through at least a 16-inch barrel. Muzzleloaders can only be used with black powder, such as Pyrodex. Slug guns, such as a Remington or Mossberg rifles, are best shot at 50 yards with 12-gauge slugs, but are reliable guns when shooting 150- to 200- yards. Other ammunition season for deer hunting is one weekend in November and one weekend in December.
The deer most hunters go after are the bucks, who, of course, continue to increase of deer populations. Hunters also go for the bucks because of the rack. Scoring consists of the measurement of the rack, from right antler to left antler. Some also determine whether or not to shoot a buck based on the length of their body- from nose to tail, and the size and weight of the buck. Points are figured out by how many “spikes” a deer has on their antlers.
Once the hunter has chosen a buck of his liking, the deer is either shot with a gun or bow- again, depending on the season. A trip to the taxidermy or meat shop is the next stop for the buck and its predator.
If the hunter is looking to get the deer head mounted, they want the deer to still “look alive.” Taxidermists usually mount from the shoulders of the deer to the head, but some do work on the whole body of the deer. Prices vary on whom you go to in order to get this done.
Not only is deer hunting a sport, but it is also helping the environment reduce disease and overpopulation. Hunting is a positive way of supply food to others, but keeping down the increase of deer everywhere.